The Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation provides critical perspectives on topics relevant to Information Systems Evaluation, with an emphasis on the organisational and management implications
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Journal Article

Determinants of Information Technology Diffusion: a Study at the Firm Level for Portugal  pp27-34

Maria Fraga O. Martins, Tiago Oliveira

© Mar 2008 Volume 11 Issue 1, Editor: Dan Remenyi, pp1 - 51

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Abstract

Recently, many studies have shown that IT played a major role in the resurgence in the growth of US output . and productivity after 1995. Some studies for European countries also confirm this idea that IT and productivity are strongly related. The contribution of IT to economic growth can only be realized when and if these technologies are widely diffused and used. Within this context, understanding the factors affecting the decision to adopt and the extent of IT use by adopters is crucial not only for applied economists, but also to creators and producers of such technologies. Using a data set for Portuguese firms, our estimation results suggest that the significant drivers of intra firm diffusion are: firm size, workers skills, technological capacities and outsourcing partner usage.

 

Keywords: information technologies, diffusion, adoption, cluster analysis, probit model

 

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Journal Article

Firms Patterns of e‑Business Adoption: Evidence for the European Union‑27  pp47-56

Tiago Oliveira, Maria Fraga Martins

© Jan 2010 Volume 13 Issue 1, ECIME 2009, Editor: Elizabeth Frisk and Kerstin Grunden, pp1 - 96

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Abstract

Research has shown that firms using e‑business achieve considerable returns through efficiency improvements, inventory reduction, sales increase, customer relationship enhancement, new market penetration, and ultimately financial returns. However, there is little systematic research in terms of e‑business adoption patterns in firms across countries and industries. This study addresses the research gap by analysing the pattern of e‑business adoption by firms across European Union (EU) members. For that, we used the survey data from 6,964 businesses in EU27 members (excluding Malta and Bulgaria). The choice of variables that we will use in our study is based on the technology‑organization‑environment (TOE) theory. In the TOE framework, three aspects may possibly influence e‑business adoption: technological context (technology readiness and technology integration), organizational context (firm size, expected benefits and barriers of e‑business and improved products or services or internal processes) and environmental context (internet penetration and competitive pressure). We performed a factor analysis (FA) of multi‑item indicators to evaluate the validity and to reduce the number of variables. We used the principal component technique with varimax rotation to extract four eigen‑value, which were all greater than one. The first four factors explain 72.4% of variance contained in the data. The four factors found are: expected benefits and obstacles of e‑business, internet penetration, technology readiness and technology integration. These factors are in accordance with the literature review. Afterwards, we performed a cluster analysis (CA) using variables obtained from the FA and the other variables were gathered directly (firm size, employees education, improved products or services or internal processes and competitive pressure) from the e‑Business W@tch survey. In the CA we used hierarchical and non hierarchical methods. We obtained four distinct groups of e‑business adoption. The pattern of these groups suggested that in the European context the most important factor to characterize e‑business adoption is the specific characteristics of the industry and is not the country to which the firms belong.

 

Keywords: e-business adoption, information and communication technology, ICT, technology-organizational-environment, TOE, framework, cluster analysis, CA, European Union, EU, members

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 11 Issue 1 / Mar 2008  pp1‑51

Editor: Dan Remenyi

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Keywords: accounting techniques, business systems integration, cluster analysis, communication and technology (ICT), credit card system, diffusion, e-commerce, e-tourism, information technologies, new technologies in e-museums, payment models, performability, PPD, probabilistic model checking, probit model, product-process dependencies, simulation, SMEs, software development, software process improvement, usability of cultural sites

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 11 Issue 2 / Jun 2008  pp51‑108

Editor: Dan Remenyi

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Keywords: accounting techniques, business systems integration, cluster analysis, communication and technology (ICT), credit card system, diffusion, e-commerce, e-tourism, information technologies, new technologies in e-museums, payment models, performability, PPD, probabilistic model checking, probit model, product-process dependencies, simulation, SMEs, software development, software process improvement, usability of cultural sites

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 13 Issue 1, ECIME 2009 / Jan 2010  pp1‑96

Editor: Elizabeth Frisk, Kerstin Grunden

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Editorial

This issue represents papers presented at the 3rd European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation. The conference was held in September 2009 at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.

 

Keywords: accounting firms, adoption, adoption barriers, business case, case study, cluster analysis (CA), collaborative technology (CT) business education, competitive advantage, complexity, computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL), developing countries, developing countries, diffusion of innovation, e-Business adoption, e-government, e-Government portal, enterprise, ERP, European Union (EU) members, EUS, evaluation, executive information system, health informatics, HealthCare information systems, ICT, information and communication technology (ICT), information technology, integration, IT management practices, Jordan., mixed research, performance strategic value, post-implementation evaluation, RFID, satisfaction, small business, supply chain management, sustainability, TAM, technology-organizational-environment (TOE) framework, video conferencing, video-ethnography

 

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