The Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation provides critical perspectives on topics relevant to Information Systems Evaluation, with an emphasis on the organisational and management implications
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Journal Article

The Adoption of Cloud Computing by Irish SMEs … an Exploratory Study  pp3-14

Dr. Marian Carcary, Dr. Eileen Doherty, Gerard Conway

© Jul 2014 Volume 17 Issue 1, Special issue from ECIME 2013, Editor: Prof Przemyslaw Lech, pp1 - 121

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Abstract

Abstract: Cloud Computing adoption has experienced a considerable rate of growth since its emergence in 2006. By 2011, it had become the top technology priority for organizations worldwide and according to some leading industry reports the cloud computing market is estimated to reach $241 billion by 2020. Reasons for adoption are multi‑fold, including for example the expected realisation of benefits pertaining to cost reduction, improved scalability, improved resource utilization, worker mobility and coll aboration, and business continuity, among others. Research into cloud computing adoption has to date primarily focused on the larger, multinational enterprises. However, one key area where cloud computing is expected to hold considerable promise is for th e Small and Medium Sized Enterprise (SME). SMEs are recognized as being inherently different from their large firm counterparts, not least from a resource constraint perspective and for this reason, cloud computing is reported to offer significant benef its for SMEs through, for example, facilitating a reduction in the financial burden associated with new technology adoption. This paper reports findings from a recent exploratory study into Cloud Computing adoption among Irish SMEs. Despite its purported importance, this study found that almost half of the respondents had not migrated any services or processes to the cloud environment. Further, with respect to those who had transitioned to the cloud, the data suggests that many of these SMEs did not rigor ously assess their readiness for adopting cloud computing technology or did not adopt in‑depth approaches for managing their engagement with cloud. While the study is of an exploratory nature, nevertheless the findings have important implications for the development/ improvement of national strategies or policies to support the successful adoption of Cloud Computing technology among the SME market. This research has implications for academic research in this area as well as proposing a number of practical recommendations to support the SME cloud adop

 

Keywords: Keywords: cloud computing, SMEs, cloud adoption readiness, reasons for cloud non-adoption, SME cloud adoption models, survey research

 

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Journal Article

Antecedents of Green IT Adoption in South African Higher Education Institutions  pp173-187

Shaun Thomson, Jean-Paul van Belle

© Sep 2015 Volume 18 Issue 2, The special issue from ECIME 2014, Editor: Jan Devos, pp93 - 210

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Abstract

Abstract: Organizations are now increasingly expected to address the sustainability of their information technology (IT) and communication infrastructure. This research investigates the antecedents for the adoption of Green IT in South African higher ed ucation institutions (HEI), namely which drivers and readiness factors influence Green IT adoption. Green IT comprises of server virtualization, storage virtualization, storage consolidation, environment‑friendly IT procurement, electronic waste managem ent policies and measuring the environmental impact of IT. For the purpose of this research, Green IT drivers were classified into economic, ethical, response and regulatory drivers as per Mollas (2008) Green IT model. Additionally, we also investigate d the role of the following Green IT readiness factors: institutional, organisational and value network Green IT. IT managers at all South Africas HEIs were approached through an online survey. Given the small number of HEIs in South Africa, sample size was necessarily limited but the responses received represent a significant and representative portion of the South African HEIs and encouraging results were found. All Green IT drivers were found to be significant antecedents in the adoption of green IT, although the overall adoption of green IT is relatively low. However, most HEI stakeholders in the HEI value network, i.e. suppliers, investors, competitors and government, do not seem to exert a significant influence on green IT adoption. We condensed th ese antecedents into a revised Green IT adoption model. Our research instrument and proposed resultant Green IT model should be of interest, not only to HEI stakeholder in South Africa and elsewhere in the world, but also to researchers in the field of su stainability of information technologies and the manufacturers of green and sustainable technologies. ( %FIRSTNAME% %LASTNAME%: I have added this in due to the mention in the conclusion that Economic Drivers seem to be one of the main deciding factors. T his would be of interest to manufacturers of the technology for marketing purposes.)

 

Keywords: Keywords: green IT, adoption drivers, readiness, sustainability, higher education institutions, HEIs, South Africa

 

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Journal Article

Editorial  pp1-2

Shaun Pather Editorial

© Mar 2016 Volume 19 Issue 1, Editor: Shaun Pather, pp1 - 82

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Abstract

Abstract: The issue of businesses understanding cloud adoptionŽ exists, despite the diverse academic research on cloud adoption. The various approaches (business and technical), theories (Technology‑Organization‑Environment, Transaction cost theory, R esource based view) have resulted in a fragmented and piece‑meal approach to understanding cloud adoption. The purpose of this article is to review and consolidate the diverse literature on cloud adoption. This can help organizations decide their cloud r eadiness and understand the business implications from multiple perspectives. The paper begins with a focused review of existing literature on cloud adoption. The articles in the literature are then systematically classified on various parameters such as the perspective used (business versus technical), the dominant theory used and the adoption factors that are identified. Two existing frameworks are also critiqued to highlight their strengths and limitations. Finally, a short check list based on the c umulative findings is prepared. The review reveals common themes in terms of examining cloud adoption. It shows that cloud adoption has been primarily examined from the innovative technology perspective using the Technology‑Organization‑Environment framew ork. The two other dominant approaches that come up include the economic/cost perspective driven by transaction cost theory and the use of multi‑criteria decision framework. The article contributes by reviewing and consolidating the diverse literature on the topic of cloud adoption. The study organizes the recurrent themes in the reviewed articles in terms four important areas. Within each area, the study also provides some commonly asked questions that could help organizations understand their readiness to adopt cloud. This way, the article integrates different perspectives and provides organizations with a simple, holistic check list to examine business implications of moving to cloud.

 

Keywords: Keywords: Cloud computing, technology adoption, diffusion of innovation, technology-organization-environment, transaction cost theory, cloud readiness

 

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Journal Article

Cloud Adoption Decisions: Benefitting from an Integrated Perspective  pp3-21

Deepa Ray

© Mar 2016 Volume 19 Issue 1, Editor: Shaun Pather, pp1 - 82

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Abstract

Abstract: The issue of businesses understanding cloud adoptionŽ exists, despite the diverse academic research on cloud adoption. The various approaches (business and technical), theories (Technology‑Organization‑Environment, Transaction cost theory, R esource based view) have resulted in a fragmented and piece‑meal approach to understanding cloud adoption. The purpose of this article is to review and consolidate the diverse literature on cloud adoption. This can help organizations decide their cloud r eadiness and understand the business implications from multiple perspectives. The paper begins with a focused review of existing literature on cloud adoption. The articles in the literature are then systematically classified on various parameters such as the perspective used (business versus technical), the dominant theory used and the adoption factors that are identified. Two existing frameworks are also critiqued to highlight their strengths and limitations. Finally, a short check list based on the c umulative findings is prepared. The review reveals common themes in terms of examining cloud adoption. It shows that cloud adoption has been primarily examined from the innovative technology perspective using the Technology‑Organization‑Environment framew ork. The two other dominant approaches that come up include the economic/cost perspective driven by transaction cost theory and the use of multi‑criteria decision framework. The article contributes by reviewing and consolidating the diverse literature on the topic of cloud adoption. The study organizes the recurrent themes in the reviewed articles in terms four important areas. Within each area, the study also provides some commonly asked questions that could help organizations understand their readiness to adopt cloud. This way, the article integrates different perspectives and provides organizations with a simple, holistic check list to examine business implications of moving to cloud.

 

Keywords: Keywords: Cloud computing, technology adoption, diffusion of innovation, technology-organization-environment, transaction cost theory, cloud readiness

 

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